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Tuesday, January 28, 2020 | History

3 edition of politics of nuclear waste disposal found in the catalog.

politics of nuclear waste disposal

Gregory A. Raymond

politics of nuclear waste disposal

  • 102 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by Center for Research, Grants, and Contracts, Boise State University in [Bosie, Idaho .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Radioactive waste disposal.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementGregory A. Raymond.
    ContributionsBoise State University. Center for Research, Grants, and Contracts.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTD898 .R37
    The Physical Object
    Pagination30 leaves :
    Number of Pages30
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4243262M
    LC Control Number80624386

    Toxics can be released into air, water, or land. Since the Obama administration killed a plan to build a repository at Yucca Mountain in the Nevada desert, some supporters of nuclear power have fallen back on a rather simple view of the problem: if politics had not killed Yucca, it would be well on its way today towards operation. The idea of shipping them all to a remote site in the desert has had wide appeal — except for most people in Nevada, where Senator Harry Reid, now the leader of the Democratic majority in the Senate, has been waging a relentless campaign against using Yucca. The study of Yucca has moved science forward in a variety of fields, they write, but probably not enough to predict how the waste canisters, and then the wastes themselves, will behave through the eons. His poll numbers have not been good recently and it remains to be seen whether Yucca will lift them.

    More on-site storage would give WIPP a buffer if, for example, the caverns have to ever be temporarily closed for maintenance. Facilities for monitoring operation of the coolers and the content of the tanks were inadequate. The Alleys, however, take a more subtle approach. Understanding the climate of past epochs is essential for a scientist who wants to predict whether a repository site will one day be covered by a new glacier, change from desert to tropical rain forest or undergo a variety of other transformations that seem plausible over tens of thousands of years.

    Obama has been cautious whenever he's been asked about the issue. In the Toxic Substances Control Act required the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate potentially hazardous industrial chemicals, including halogenated fluorocarbons, dioxin, asbestospolychlorinated biphenyls PCBsand vinyl chloride. Those tanks and storage facilities were never designed to hold high-level waste for so long. The idea of shipping them all to a remote site in the desert has had wide appeal — except for most people in Nevada, where Senator Harry Reid, now the leader of the Democratic majority in the Senate, has been waging a relentless campaign against using Yucca. If you're looking for a reason to feel queasy about building more nuclear reactors, this is it. As Hamblin notes, the former Soviet Union's routine violation of international norms and agreements on marine pollution by large-scale dumping of radioactive waste has been public knowledge at least since the early s when it was officially acknowledged by the Yeltsin administration.


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Politics of nuclear waste disposal book

Wald February 28, am February 28, am The American program to dispose of spent nuclear fuel and other highly radioactive wastes is at a standstill for a variety of reasons. Toxic waste treatment and control has proved to be expensive and time-consuming with more resources spent on court battles than on actual cleanup.

The vastly complex computer models and simulations experts launched to figure out whether Yucca Mountain would be a safe environment in the year 1, and beyond ended before there was a scientific conclusion. Perhaps a return to the dawn of the nuclear age? The study of Yucca has moved science forward in a variety of fields, they write, but probably not enough to predict how the waste canisters, and then the wastes themselves, will behave through the eons.

The temperature in it started to rise, resulting in evaporation and a chemical explosion of the dried waste, consisting mainly of ammonium nitrate and acetates see ammonium nitrate—fuel oil bomb. The book explores four central themes emblematic of these struggles for authority between competing groups: the "power of threshold values in setting [End Page ] policies and justifying them to the lay public;" the "struggle for authority between health physicists and oceanographers;" the "role of radioactive waste in cold war international relations;" and the "relationship between radioactive waste and environmental policy making" pp.

More on-site storage would give WIPP a buffer if, for example, the caverns have to ever be temporarily closed for maintenance. High-level radioactive waste, like spent reactor fuel, would be buried even deeper underground at Yucca Mountain in Nevada. But despite all the inspiring talk about windmills and solar panels, it's difficult to see how Obama will reach that goal without relying, in large part, on nuclear power.

In addition to storage, some radioactive wastes can be reprocessed and reused. Obama's lack of enthusiasm is easy to understand politically, especially given the apprehension many voters have about the safety of nuclear-power plants. The spread of nuclear waste is a little bit like the flow of hot wax down the side of a candle on the dinner table; the question is not so much whether it will drip as whether it will stop before damaging the tablecloth.

Hamblin offers a study of the competing interests of science, politics, diplomacy, and the too-often cynical world of policy-making surrounding the nuclear industry after World War II in Britain and the United States.

Commercial reactors currently provide 20 percent of the nation's power—but accounts for 70 percent of the country's emission-free energy. Since the Obama administration killed a plan to build a repository at Yucca Mountain in the Nevada desert, some supporters of nuclear power have fallen back on a rather simple view of the problem: if politics had not killed Yucca, it would be well on its way today towards operation.

The often substandard shipping, storage, and treatment methods endanger human health and the health of the environment.

The results of the vote will not be the only factor in determining whether the process advances to the next phase, and no threshold has been revealed as to what would constitute sufficient community support.

But they too emphasized the "opportunities and uncertainties of waste disposal" p. When you have individual landowners putting it forward to kickstart the conversation it pits neighbour against neighbour Craig Wilkins Intermediate-level waste will continue to be generated by the Open Pool Australian Lightwater research reactor and the under-development Synroc waste treatment plant.

President Barack Obama has pulled the plug on the entire Yucca Mountain enterprise, million-year safety study and all, by writing it out of his financial year budget, which begins in October.

At nearly every campaign stop, the candidate promised to end our dependence on foreign oil and slash carbon emissions 80 percent by midcentury. Yes, cat litter. US oceanographers managed to negotiate their way to the nuclear table, persuading the US Atomic Energy Commission AEC to fund large-scale research on the impact of dumping radioactive waste in the ocean.

This is where Obama, who has strongly criticized the Bush administration for putting politics ahead of facts, could step in and provide leadership on a national problem that will only become worse as more nuclear plants are built in coming years: plans for 26 new reactors are currently awaiting approval.

Nuclear power is praised for its zero carbon emissions, but it comes at a price—radioactive fuel rods that remain toxic for thousands of years. Wikipedia explains that some types of spent fuel can be purified, removing the fission products, so that it can be reused in new reactor types.

Initially Mayak was dumping high-level radioactive waste into a nearby river, which flowed to the river Obflowing farther down to the Arctic Ocean.

In some cases such wastes are shipped to developing countries for cheap disposal without the informed consent of their governments. Using this forum among others to attack British and US policies of dumping nuclear waste in the oceans, the Soviet Union argued that "putting the dangerous by-products of the nuclear age into the oceans was like poisoning a village well, the shared source of life for all" p.

To learn more about how we use and protect your data, please see our privacy policy. The returned waste consists of 20 canisters containing litres each, generated by the High Flux Australian reactor, which ran for nearly 50 years before being decommissioned in Low-level radioactive waste like contaminated safety gear can be safe enough to place in traditional landfills, while high-level waste like spent fuel generally requires special storage for hundreds or even thousands of years to prevent radioactive contamination.

Radioactive material spewed through the caverns, some of it leaking aboveground as well. Not likely.Sep 01,  · This book should be required reading for everyone, whether politician, bureaucrat or citizen."—Ronnie D. Lipschutz, author of Radioactive Waste: Politics, Technology and Risk "Measured, informative, and well-argued, The Road to Yucca Mountain is typical Walker.

One of the most knowledgeable historians on nuclear power has produced an. Regardless of the book’s title, the authors clearly state in the introduction that the book “focuses on the politics of the disposal of nuclear waste.” But even that statement is not completely true because the main focus is on the disposal of high-level nuclear waste and used nuclear hildebrandsguld.com by: 1.

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Nuclear and Hazardous Waste

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Nuclear waste is currently a significant political issue in Western Europe and North America and is becoming increasingly important in all other countries with existing or planned nuclear programmes. This is the first book to tackle in a comprehensive and integrated fashion the problems associated with the geological disposal of nuclear waste.

You might wonder why there is a nuclear waste problem in the first place. After all, nuclear power has been generated since the s. It’s a complicated story that involves changes in national policy, security concerns, and, frankly, hildebrandsguld.com electric power companies first considered using nuclear energy to generate electricity in the.

How Is Nuclear Waste Disposed Of?

The public was relatively well informed about technical aspects of waste disposal; it had little confidence in the competence of the Department of Energy, and it exhibited a wide range of concerns for the impact of high-level waste disposal on environmental quality, Cited by: 3.